6 Forms of Dementia You Should be Familiar With
As the population ages, more and more people will have a loved one or a friend who is diagnosed with dementia. Although dementia affects nearly 47.5 million people worldwide, many people do not have a clear understanding of the disease.
Below we break down the six most common forms of dementia:
1. Alzheimer's Disease
The sixth leading cause of death domestically, Alzheimer's affects more than 5 million individuals in the United States alone.
2. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease believed to be related to repetitive brain trauma such as concussions or other head injuries.
3. Frontotemporal Dementia
Frontotemporal dementia causes tissue shrinkage and reduced function in the brain’s frontal and temporal lobes. FTD is thought to account for 10-15% of dementia cases.
4. Parkinson's Disease
Parkinson’s disease affects the nerve cells in the brain and causes symptoms such as muscle rigidity, tremors and changes in speech and gait are common.
5. Vascular Dementia
This condition causes a decline in cognitive skills due to brain cell damage due to circulatory problems.
6. Lewy Body Dementia
The second most common form of dementia, affecting approximately 1.3 million people in the U.S., combines Alzheimer's-like cognitive symptoms and Parkinson's-like motor issues.